Leo Gross  Leo Gross photo         

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Research Staff Member
Zurich Research Laboratory, Zurich, Switzerland


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Professional Associations:  Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG)

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Atomic and electronic structure of Si dangling bonds in quasi-free-standing monolayer graphene
Murata, Yuya and Cavallucci, Tommaso and Tozzini, Valentina and Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard and Takamura, Makoto and Hibino, Hiroki and Beltram, Fabio and Heun, Stefan
Nano Research 11(2), 864--873, Springer, 2018

Reorganization energy upon charging a single molecule on an insulator measured by atomic force microscopy
Shadi Fatayer, Bruno Schuler, Wolfram Steurer, Ivan Scivetti, Jascha Repp, Leo Gross, Mats Persson, Gerhard Meyer
Nature nanotechnology 13(5), 376, Nature Publishing Group, 2018

Studying an antiaromatic polycyclic hydrocarbon adsorbed on different surfaces
Majzik, Zsolt and Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Vilas-Varela, Manuel and P{\'e}rez, Dolores and Moll, Nikolaj and Guiti{\'a}n, Enrique and Meyer, Gerhard and Pe{\~n}a, Diego and Gross, Leo
Nature communications 9(1), 1198, Nature Publishing Group, 2018

Rasterkraftmikroskopie f{\"u}r die molekulare Strukturaufkl{\"a}rung
Gross, Leo and Schuler, Bruno and Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Fatayer, Shadi and Majzik, Zsolt and Moll, Nikolaj and Pe{\~n}a, Diego and Meyer, Gerhard
Angewandte Chemie 130(15), 3950--3972, Wiley Online Library, 2018

Addressing Long-Standing Chemical Challenges by AFM with Functionalized Tips
Pe{\~n}a, Diego and Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Schuler, Bruno and Moll, Nikolaj and P{\'e}rez, Dolores and Guiti{\'a}n, Enrique and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo
On-Surface Synthesis II, pp. 209--227, Springer, 2018

Atomic force microscopy identifying fuel pyrolysis products and directing the synthesis of analytical standards
S. Fatayer, N.B. Poddar, S. Quiroga, F. Schulz, B. Schuler, S.V. Kalpathy, G. Meyer, D. Perez, E. Guitian, D. Pena, M.J. Wornat, L. Gross
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140(26), 8156-8161, 2018

Direct visualization of individual aromatic compound structures in low molecular weight marine dissolved organic carbon
S. Fatayer, A.I. Coppola, F. Schulz, B.D. Walker, T.A. Broek, G. Meyer, E.R.M. Druffel, M. McCarthy, L. Gross
Geophys. Res. Lett. 45(11), 5590-5598, 2018

Atomic Force Microscopy for Molecular Structure Elucidation
Leo Gross, Bruno Schuler, Niko Pavlicek, Shadi Fatayer, Zsolt Majzik, Nikolaj Moll, Diego Pena, Gerhard Meyer
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57(15), 3888--3908, Wiley Online Library, 2018


Passivation of dangling bonds on hydrogenated Si (100)-2$$\backslash$times $1: a possible method for error correction in hydrogen lithography
Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Majzik, Zsolt and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo
arXiv preprint arXiv:1706.02560, 2017

Synthesis and characterization of triangulene
Niko Pavlicek, Anish Mistry, Zsolt Majzik, Nikolaj Moll, Gerhard Meyer, David J Fox, Leo Gross
Nature Nanotechnology 12(4), 308-311, 2017

Tip-induced passivation of dangling bonds on hydrogenated Si (100)-2$\times$ 1
Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Majzik, Zsolt and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo
Applied Physics Letters 111(5), 053104, AIP Publishing, 2017

Generation and Characterization of a meta-Aryne on Cu and NaCl Surfaces
PavlicÌŒek, Niko and Majzik, Zsolt and Collazos, Sara and Meyer, Gerhard and P{\'e}rez, Dolores and Guiti{\'a}n, Enrique and Pe{\~n}a, Diego and Gross, Leo
ACS nano 11(11), 10768--10773, ACS Publications, 2017

Generation, manipulation and characterization of molecules by atomic force microscopy
Pavlicÿ ek, Niko and Gross, Leo
Nature Reviews Chemistry1, 0005, Nature Publishing Group, 2017

Characterizing aliphatic moieties in hydrocarbons with atomic force microscopy
Schuler, Bruno and Zhang, Yunlong and Collazos, Sara and Fatayer, Shadi and Meyer, Gerhard and P{\'e}rez, Dolores and Guiti{\'a}n, Enrique and Harper, Michael R and Kushnerick, J Douglas and Pe{\~n}a, Diego and others
Chemical Science, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017


Synthesis of a Naphthodiazaborinine and Its Verification by Planarization with Atomic Force Microscopy
Majzik, Zsolt and Cuenca, Ana B and Pavliček, Niko and Miralles, Núria and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo and Fernández, Elena
ACS nano 10(5), 5340--5345, ACS Publications, 2016

The electric field of CO tips and its relevance for atomic force microscopy
Ellner, Michael and Pavlicÿ ek, Niko and Pou, Pablo and Schuler, Bruno and Moll, Nikolaj and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo and Per{\'e}z, Rub{\'e}n
Nano letters 16(3), 1974--1980, ACS Publications, 2016

Charge-State-Dependent Diffusion of Individual Gold Adatoms on Ionic Thin NaCl Films
Repp, Jascha and Steurer, Wolfram and Scivetti, Ivan and Persson, Mats and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard
Physical Review Letters 117(14), 146102, APS, 2016

Identical Binding Energies and Work Functions for Distinct Adsorption Structures: Olympicenes on the Cu (111) Surface
Liu, Wei and Schuler, Bruno and Xu, Yong and Moll, Nikolaj and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo and Tkatchenko, Alexandre
The journal of physical chemistry letters 7(6), 1022--1027, ACS Publications, 2016

Tetracene Formation by On-Surface Reduction
Krüger, Justus and Pavliček, Niko and Alonso, José M and Pérez, Dolores and Guitián, Enrique and Lehmann, Thomas and Cuniberti, Gianaurelio and Gourdon, André and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo and others
ACS nano 10(4), 4538--4542, ACS Publications, 2016

Reversible Bergman cyclization by atomic manipulation
Schuler, Bruno and Fatayer, Shadi and Mohn, Fabian and Moll, Nikolaj and Pavli{\v{c}}ek, Niko and Meyer, Gerhard and Pe{\~n}a, Diego and Gross, Leo
Nature chemistry, Nature Publishing Group, 2016


Effect of electron-phonon interaction on the formation of one-dimensional electronic states in coupled Cl vacancies
B. Schuler, M. Persson, S. Paavilainen, N. Pavliček, L. Gross, G. Meyer, J. Repp
Phys. Rev. B91, 235443, 2015

Unraveling the Molecular Structures of Asphaltenes by Atomic Force Microscopy
B. Schuler, G. Meyer, D. Peña, O.C. Mullins and L. Gross
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015

Toggling the local electric field with an embedded adatom switch
W. Steurer, B. Schuler, N. Pavliček, L. Gross, I. Scivetti, M. Persson, G. Meyer
Nano Lett., 2015

On-surface generation and imaging of arynes by atomic force microscopy
Niko Pavliček, Bruno Schuler, Sara Collazos, Nikolaj Moll, Dolores Pérez, Enrique Guitián, Gerhard Meyer, Diego Peña, Leo Gross
Nat Chem 7(8), 623--628, 2015

Local tunneling decay length and Kelvin probe force spectroscopy
Albrecht, Florian and Fleischmann, Martin and Scheer, Manfred and Gross, Leo and Repp, Jascha
Physical Review B 92(23), 235443, APS, 2015

Probe-based measurement of lateral single-electron transfer between individual molecules
Steurer, Wolfram and Fatayer, Shadi and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard
Nature communications6, Nature Research, 2015

Interactions between two C60 molecules measured by scanning probe microscopies
Hauptmann, Nadine and Gonz{\'a}lez, C{\'e}sar and Mohn, Fabian and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard and Berndt, Richard
Nanotechnology 26(44), 445703, IOP Publishing, 2015

Manipulation of surfaces with the methods of scanning probe microscopy
Meyer, G and Gross, L and Repp, J
Landolt-Börnstein - Group III Condensed Matter, 45A (3)., Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015

Freestanding single-crystalline magnetic structures fabricated by ion bombardment
P Schoenherr, A Bischof, B Boehm, P Eib, S Grimm, SF Alvarado, L Gross, R Allenspach
App. Phys. Lett.106, 032410, 2015

Resistless nanofabrication by stencil lithography: A review
O. Vazquez-Mena, L. Gross, S. Xie, L.G. Villanueva, J. Brugger
Microelectronic Engineering132, 236-254, 2015

Manipulation of the Charge State of Single Au Atoms on Insulating Multilayer Films
W. Steurer, J. Repp, L. Gross, I. Scivetti, M. Persson, G. Meyer
Phys. Rev. Lett.114, 036801, 2015

The synthesis and STM / AFM imaging of 'Olympicene' benzo[cd]pyrenes
A. Mistry, B. Moreton, B. Schuler, F. Mohn, G. Meyer, L. Gross, A. Williams, P. Scott, G. Costantini, D. J. Fox
Chem. Eur. J.21, 2011-2018, 2015

Atomic Resolution on Molecules with Functionalized Tips
Gross, Leo and Schuler, Bruno and Mohn, Fabian and Moll, Nikolaj and Repp, Jascha and Meyer, Gerhard
Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy, pp. 223--246, Springer, 2015

Prospects and Challenges in Molecular Structure Identification by Atomic Force Microscopy
Modern NMR Approaches to the Structure Elucidation of Natural Products: Volume 1: Instrumentation and Software1, 306, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015


Image distortions of a partially fluorinated hydrocarbon molecule in atomic force microscopy with carbon monoxide terminated tips
Moll, Nikolaj and Schuler, Bruno and Kawai, Shigeki and Xu, Feng and Peng, Lifen and Orita, Akihiro and Otera, Junzo and Curioni, Alessandro and Neu, Mathias and Repp, Jascha and others
Nano letters 14(11), 6127--6131, ACS Publications, 2014

Contrast formation in Kelvin probe force microscopy of single $\pi$-conjugated molecules
Schuler, Bruno and Liu, Shi-Xia and Geng, Yan and Decurtins, Silvio and Meyer, Gerhard and Gross, Leo
Nano letters 14(6), 3342--3346, ACS Publications, 2014

Image correction for atomic force microscopy images with functionalized tips
M. Neu, N. Moll, L. Gross, G. Meyer, F. J. Giessibl, J. Repp
Phys. Rev. B 89(20), 205407, 2014

Local thickness determination of thin insulator films via localized states
W. Steurer, L. Gross, G. Meyer
Applied Physics Letters 104(23), 231606, 2014

A variable-temperature nanostencil compatible with a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope/atomic force microscope
Wolfram Steurer, Leo Gross, Reto R. Schlittler, Gerhard Meyer
Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(2), 023706, 2014

From Perylene to a 22-Ring Aromatic Hydrocarbon in One-Pot
Schuler, Bruno and Collazos, Sara and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard and P{\'e}rez, Dolores and Guiti{\'a}n, Enrique and Pe{\~n}a, Diego
Angewandte Chemie 126(34), 9150--9152, Wiley Online Library, 2014

Investigating atomic contrast in atomic force microscopy and Kelvin probe force microscopy on ionic systems using functionalized tips
Leo Gross, Bruno Schuler, Fabian Mohn, Nikolaj Moll, Niko Pavliček, Wolfram Steurer, Ivan Scivetti, Konstantinos Kotsis, Mats Persson, Gerhard Meyer
Phys. Rev. B 90(15), 155455, 2014
Abstract   00000


Different tips for high-resolution atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy of single molecules
Mohn, Fabian and Schuler, Bruno and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard
Applied Physics Letters 102(7), 073109, AIP, 2013

Chemische Bindungen visualisiert
Bruno Schuler, Fabian Mohn, Nikolaj Moll, Leo Gross, Gerhard Meyer
Physik in unserer Zeit 44(1), 6--7, 2013
Abstract   00000

Adsorption geometry determination of single molecules by atomic force microscopy
Schuler, Bruno and Liu, Wei and Tkatchenko, Alexandre and Moll, Nikolaj and Meyer, Gerhard and Mistry, Anish and Fox, David and Gross, Leo
Physical review letters 111(10), 106103, APS, 2013


Force and conductance during contact formation to a C60 molecule
Hauptmann, Nadine and Mohn, Fabian and Gross, Leo and Meyer, Gerhard and Frederiksen, Thomas and Berndt, Richard
New Journal of Physics 14(7), 073032, IOP Publishing, 2012

Bond-Order Discrimination by Atomic Force Microscopy
Leo Gross, Fabian Mohn, Nikolaj Moll, Bruno Schuler, Alejandro Criado, Enrique Guitián, Diego Peña, André Gourdon, Gerhard Meyer
Science 337(6100), 1326--1329, 2012

Imaging the charge distribution within a single molecule
Fabian Mohn, Leo Gross, Nikolaj Moll, Gerhard Meyer
Nature Nanotechnology 7(4), 227-231, 2012

Scanning Probe Microscopy of Atoms and Molecules on Insulating Films: From Imaging to Molecular Manipulation
G. Meyer, L. Gross, F. Mohn, J. Repp
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry 66(1), 10-15, Swiss Chemical Society, 2012

A simple model of molecular imaging with noncontact atomic force microscopy
Nikolaj Moll, Leo Gross, Fabian Mohn, Alessandro Curioni, Gerhard Meyer
New Journal of Physics 14(8), 083023, 2012

A combined atomic force microscopy and computational approach for the structural elucidation of breitfussin A and B: Highly modified halogenated dipeptides from Thuiaria breitfussi
Hanssen, Kine {\O} and Schuler, Bruno and Williams, Antony J and Demissie, Taye B and Hansen, Espen and Andersen, Jeanette H and Svenson, Johan and Blinov, Kirill and Repisky, Michal and Mohn, Fabian and others
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 51(49), 12238--12241, Wiley Online Library, 2012


Measuring the short-range force field above a single molecule with atomic resolution
F. Mohn, L. Gross, G. Meyer
Applied Physics Letters  99(5), 053106, AIP, 2011

Single-molecule chemistry and physics explored by low-temperature scanning probe microscopy
I. Swart, L. Gross, P. Liljeroth
Chem. Commun. 47(32), 9011-9023, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011

High-Resolution Molecular Orbital Imaging Using a p-Wave STM Tip
L. Gross, N. Moll, F. Mohn, A. Curioni, G. Meyer, F. Hanke, M. Persson
Physical Review Letters 107(8), 86101, 2011


Reversible Bond Formation in a Gold-Atom-Organic-Molecule Complex as a Molecular Switch
F. Mohn, J. Repp, L. Gross, G. Meyer, M. Dyer, M. Persson
Physical Review Letters  105(26), 266102, APS, 2010

Contacting self-ordered molecular wires by nanostencil lithography
L. Gross, R.R. Schlittler, G. Meyer, L.A. Fendt, F. Diederich, T. Glatzel, S. Kawai, S. Koch, E. Meyer
Journal of Vacuum Science &Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  28(3), C4D34, AVS, 2010

Organic structure determination using atomic-resolution scanning probe microscopy
L. Gross, F. Mohn, N. Moll, G. Meyer, R. Ebel, W.M. Abdel-Mageed, M. Jaspars
Nature Chemistry 2(10), 821-825, 2010

Textbook images of a Molecule
L. Gross, F. Mohn, G. Meyer
Europhysics News 41(2), 15-18, EDP Sciences, 2010

Temperature dependence of the nonlocal voltage in an Fe/GaAs electrical spin-injection device
G Salis, A Fuhrer, RR Schlittler, L Gross, SF Alvarado
Physical Review B 81(20), 205323, APS, 2010

Magnetologic devices fabricated by nanostencil lithography
L. Gross, RR Schlittler, G. Meyer, R. Allenspach
Nanotechnology  21(32), 325301, IOP Publishing, 2010


Atomare Ladungszustände unter dem Rasterkraftmikroskop
L. Gross, F. Mohn, G. Meyer, J. Repp, F.J. Giessibl
Physik in unserer Zeit 40(5), 225-226, Wiley Online Library, 2009

The chemical structure of a molecule resolved by atomic force microscopy
L. Gross, F. Mohn, N. Moll, P. Liljeroth, G. Meyer
Science 325(5944), 1110-1114, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2009

Measuring the charge state of an adatom with noncontact atomic force microscopy
L. Gross, F. Mohn, P. Liljeroth, J. Repp, F.J. Giessibl, G. Meyer
Science 324(5933), 1428, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2009


A rack-and-pinion device at the molecular scale
F. Chiaravalloti, L. Gross, K.-H. Rieder, S. M. Stojkovic, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, and F. Moresco
Nature Materials 6, 30, 2007

Molecular Aggregation within Self-Ordered Monolayers
L. Gross, K.H. Rieder, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, F. Moresco
ChemPhysChem 8(2), 245-249, Wiley Online Library, 2007

Fabrication of ultrathin magnetic structures by nanostencil lithography in dynamic mode
L. Gross, RR Schlittler, G. Meyer, A. Vanhaverbeke, R. Allenspach
Applied Physics Letters 90(9), 093121-093121, AIP, 2007


Interaction of a long molecular wire with a nanostructured surface: Violet Landers on Cu (211)
L. Savio, L. Gross, K.H. Rieder, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, F. Moresco
Chemical Physics Letters 428(4), 331-337, Elsevier, 2006


Contacting a single molecular wire by STM manipulation
F. Moresco, L. Gross, L. Grill, M. Alemani, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, KH Rieder
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing 80(5), 913-920, Springer, 2005

Conformations and controlled manipulation of a long molecular wire on Cu (111)
L. Savio, F. Moresco, L. Gross, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, K.H. Rieder
Surface Science 585(1), 38-46, Elsevier, 2005

Trapping and moving metal atoms with a six-leg molecule
L. Gross, K.H. Rieder, F. Moresco, S.M. Stojkovic, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim
Nature Materials 4(12), 892-895, Nature Publishing Group, 2005

Tailoring molecular self-organization by chemical synthesis: Hexaphenylbenzene, hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene, and derivatives on Cu (111)
L. Gross, F. Moresco, P. Ruffieux, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, K.H. Rieder
Physical Review B 71(16), 165428, APS, 2005

Recording the intramolecular deformation of a 4-legs molecule during its STM manipulation on a Cu (211) surface
M. Alemani, L. Gross, F. Moresco, K.H. Rieder, C. Wang, X. Bouju, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim
Chemical Physics Letters 402(1), 180-185, Elsevier, 2005

Force induced and electron stimulated STM manipulations: routes to artificial nanostructures as well as to molecular contacts, engines and switches
K.H. Rieder, G. Meyer, F. Moresco, K. Morgenstern, S.W. Hla, J. Repp, M. Alemani, L. Grill, L. Gross, M. Mehlhorn, others
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, pp. 175, 2005


Scattering of surface state electrons at large organic molecules
L. Gross, F. Moresco, L. Savio, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, K.H. Rieder
Physical Review Letters 93(5), 56103, APS, 2004


Lander on Cu (211)—selective adsorption and surface restructuring by a molecular wire
L. Gross, F. Moresco, M. Alemani, H. Tang, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim, K.H. Rieder
Chemical Physics Letters 371(5), 750-756, Elsevier, 2003

Probing the different stages in contacting a single molecular wire
F. Moresco, L. Gross, M. Alemani, K.H. Rieder, H. Tang, A. Gourdon, C. Joachim
Physical Review Letters 91(3), 036601, APS, 2003



Oxygen-induced restructuring of the TiO2(110)surface: a comprehensive study
M. Li, W. Hebenstreit, L. Gross, U. Diebold, M A. Henderson, D. R. Jennison, P. A. Schultz, M. P. Sears
Surface Science 437, 173, 1999