Dr. Mark Yao is a researcher scientist and senior software architect at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. His work and interests focus on cyber-physical system (CPS), distributed embedded control & computing, and smart grid technology. Dr. Yao was lead design and developer of Internet-scale Control System (iCS), a modeling & integration framework and runtime platform for distributed cyber-physical control system. Dr. Yao is part of Smart Energy Research team and was the lead software architect for several joint smart energy research projects such as DoE Olympic Peninsula Gridwise Testbed project and Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project. He is also active member of Enterprise Cognitive Computing group at IBM T.J. Watson Research.